Framework of service delivery indicators for assessing and monitoring rural and small town water supply services in Ghana

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Originally posted on water services that last:

The rural water and sanitation sub sector of Ghana is on a positive trajectory towards establishing an inventory of rural and small-towns water systems across the country and a continuous service monitoring process that will enable the sector to measure and report on access, functionality and sustainability of service levels.

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Blog post for the SWA blog series for 2014 World Water Week in Stockholm, by Vida Duti – IRC Country Director in Ghana

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Resolution: guidelines for addressing problems with water systems

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Originally posted on Improve International:

By Susan Davis, Executive Director, Improve International

Here are my talking points from today’s Resolution webinar:

What is resolution?

As a reminder, resolution is the process of addressing problems identified through post-implementation monitoring and/or evaluation. Resolution reflects the concept that implementing organizations are responsible for responding when they find water systems they have built are non-functional or need major repair. There is resounding agreement in the sector that rural communities in developing countries need some sort of support after installation of water points.

The case for resolution can be summarized by the following points:

  • Water is a human right.
  • To save lives and change lives, implementing organizations need to focus on the provision of good water services forever.
  • Failed and abandoned water systems are a massive waste of investment – not only on the part of the donors, but also on the part of the community. Failed systems make poor…

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Manually Drilled Wells: Providing water in Nigeria’s Megacity of Lagos and beyond


Manual drilling crew in action (photo: K. Danert, 2014)

by Dr Kerstin Danert, Skat Foundation

In Lagos, a city of over 17 million people, water demands are mainly being met from tapping the groundwater that lies beneath the city. Boreholes provide water directly at people’s homes or business premises. Borehole construction is being paid for by householders and businesses themselves. Water vendors, selling water in jerry cans or trucks are also prolific. Given the limited reach of the piped infrastructure, much of the water vended is likely to also originate from below ground. In fact, exploitation of the large, relatively shallow aquifers that lie below Lagos is one of the main reasons that the city can continue to grow at all.

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Resolution of Problems with Water Systems

RWSN Secretariat:

More good analysis:

Originally posted on Improve International:

By Susan M. Davis, Executive Director

Resolution is the process of addressing problems identified through monitoring and/or evaluation. The term reflects the concept that NGOs have responsibility to respond when finding water systems that are non-functional or need major repair. There is resounding agreement in the sector that rural communities in developing countries need some sort of support beyond installation of water infrastructure. A summary of key points is below. More information regarding typical failures, responsibilities, models, and costs will be presented in the “Resolution Action Report” being prepared by Improve International, as well as the WASH Advocates Monitoring, Evaluation, Resolution & Learning (MERL) portal (under development).

The problem

Average failures calculated from 125+ statistics

Average failures calculated from 125+ statistics

The overall global water point failure rate has hovered around 40% since the 1990s. Furthermore, many systems that are considered “functioning” are not providing safe water around the clock. This represents a vast waste of…

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4 lessons about handpump sustainability in Ghana

By Sara Marks, Senior Scientist at Sandec / Eawag


Water users in Ghana (photo: S. Marks)

In 2012 we learned the exciting news that the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) for drinking water access had been met, nearly 3 years ahead of schedule. Yet an important question still looms large: What will it take to ensure that those who have gained access continue to enjoy their water services well into the future? And how will sustainable water services be extended to the remaining unserved?

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Uganda: Kitgum Residents Share Water Points With Animals

RWSN Secretariat:

Interesting article in relation to recent RWSN discussions on Multiple Use Services (MUS) of water

Originally posted on WaterSan Perspective:

Dan Michael Komakech
June 23, 2014

Residents of Toboi in Lolwa parish Orom Sub County in Kitgum district have resorted to sharing contaminated rain runoff water that collects on rock inselbergs with animals due to scarce water points in the vicinity.

The resident explain that they survive on dirty unprotected water from Lela Toboi inselberg because of the far distance of over three to seven kilometers that one has to trek in search of clean drinking water in the neighboring villages of Wipolo and Tikau and Karekalet river spring.

The situation has rendered residents particularly the most vulnerable elderly, disability and children to opt for nothing other than runoff water from contaminated sources which makes them exposed to water borne diseases and death.

“If it rains we utilize rain runoff water that gathers on these inselberg and if it dries off we trek to Wipolo aor Tikau where we are…

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Global water point failure rates

Originally posted on Improve International:

This graph shows that the average global failure rate for water points in developing countries has varied over time, but the trend line shows failures have only slightly decreased from 1997 to 2013. These averages are based on summary data from 124 functionality studies around the world, and are not weighted by sample size because the number of water points wasn’t always  non functionality graph failures only mentioned. We continue to update our list of failure statistics here. Contact us if you would like the latest list of the studies used.

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